Hygiene comes from the Greek word “Hygieninos” which translates roughly as “healthful.” The word also is related to Hygia, the ancient Greek goddess of cleanliness. This means that the relationship between staying clean and staying healthy has been well-known for hundreds of years. (Though it wasn’t until the mid-19th century that hand washing between patients became standard practice for doctors and nurses.)
This holds true for MS Warriors. But, even the basic actions of personal hygiene can be out of reach a times:
- Pain limits movement
- Fatigue limits energy available to do it
- Depression drains what energy remains
Still, it is important. The CDC states that:
“Many diseases and conditions can be prevented or controlled through appropriate personal hygiene and by frequently washing parts of the body and hair with soap and clean, running water (if available).”
Key hygiene practices include hand-washing, showering, and toothbrushing. Even just the self esteem boost from being clean is enough to be worth the trouble.
Read on to see the best practices for personal hygiene – and how you can put them into practice in your own life.
Washing Your Hands
Washing your hands is, hands down (pun intended), one of the best ways to prevent sickness. The CDC advises people to wash hands before and after eating, after using the bathroom, after coughing or sneezing, or after handling dirty or sticky things.
We use our hands for so many things, touching everything around us, and also our faces. This means that our hands pick up a lot of germs (bacteria, viruses and other microbes, as well as pollutants and dirt) and carry it right to our mouths, noses, and eyes where they can enter the body.
Our hands can also pass these things on to others as we touch food, objects, and even other people’s hands. Washing your hands and avoiding touching your face helps prevent this from happening.
The WHO (World Health Organization) has a very in-depth (and catchy!) video on how to properly wash your hands, and you can view it here.
- Run your hands under clean, running water.
- It can be warm or cold, whatever is most comfortable for you.
- Using hot water may feel clean (and it does kill some bacteria) but it also damages your skin.
- After wetting your hands, you may turn off the tap to conserve water
- Lather your hands with soap for ~20 seconds
- Both liquid and solid soap will work, but it should lather.
- Scrub the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails
- To remind yourself to wash long enough, sing the chorus of your favorite song twice
- Rinse your hands well under running water until no soap bubbles remain
- Dry your hands with a clean towel or air dry them.
- If you are using a paper towel, use it to turn off the tap and open the door.
You can also use hand sanitizer that has at least a 60% ethanol base if you don’t have access to a sink or
to soap. But, soap and water is very effective at preventing both infection and transmission of disease.
Should I use antibacterial soap?
Antibacterial soap is no better than normal soap for preventing diseases. In fact, most of the disease-preventing action from soap is from how it removes germs and dust, not from killing them.
Soap molecules separate dirt and potential pathogens from our skin by taking advantage of the fact that most of these gross particles stick to our natural skin oils. Soap molecules are a surfactant – one side of their molecules is attracted to oils, and the other side is attracted to water. These molecules go between the water on the hands and the oils on the skin, lifting them off. Then, the water rinse is able to remove all of it. This rinse is what cleans the hands, not the antibacterial activity of the soap.
Antibacterial soaps are not better. Hand sanitizers work because of their ethanol content. 60% ethanol (or even higher) dries out and breaks apart the membrane or skin that surrounds many microbes, killing them off. However, this does not work against norovirus or cryptosporidiosis, both of which cause diarrheal diseases. Hand sanitizers also don’t remove pesticides, heavy metals, or other pollutants and do not work very well on dirty or greasy hands.
Ethanol (or rubbing alcohol) can also dry out the skin and may make symptoms worse, so be careful.
Showering, Baths, and Multiple Sclerosis
There are no strict CDC guidelines about showering or bathing, but it is important to wash the body periodically if possible. Removing dead skin and built-up oils prevents irritation, inflammation, and can even prevent disease. Warm water may help with joint pain. Showering and bathing can also help with mental health, as feeling clean is worth a lot.
However, these actions can be beyond the energy or ability of severely affected MS Warriors. Showering can be difficult for people with MS, weakness and heat intolerance are a just a handful of obstacles.
If you have difficulties showering, here are some tools and adjustments that can help.
Toothbrushing and Flossing
When the mouth is not regularly cleaned through brushing and mouthwash, bacteria levels grow in the mouth. These bacteria encourage cavity formation, impacting the ability to eat, but also create a risk of these bacteria, along with particles of food, passing into the bloodstream. Much like in leaky gut, this increases inflammation in the body. However, mouth bacteria entering the bloodstream can also lead to infection and sickness. Both of these factors can influence heart and lung health.
So, how do you properly brush your teeth?
Colgate’s website has a very in-depth article about toothbrushing techniques that you should definitely check out. In general, there are a few basic recommendations:
- Brush your teeth at least twice a day. Brushing after every meal is recommended but not
- Use fluorinated tooth paste (which helps shore up your teeth against normal wear and tear)
- Brush for at least 2 minutes, using circular motions to really scrub off the plaque. An electric
toothbrush does this part for you.
- Floss daily, making sure to get into the gums and the bottoms of the teeth, if possible.
- Rinse the mouth thoroughly with water.
Avoiding sugar and using mouthwash can also help a lot.
Clean Up and MS
So that takes care of you – what about your space, where you and your family lives and where germs enter your environment? Keeping your home and work clean can protect you against disease and sickness. Getting help with cleaning your space is sometimes easier to articulate then getting help to clean your body, and having a clean home keeps morale up.
However, be careful – many harsher home cleaners may provide a spotless space, but have chemicals that damage the body and trigger an immune response. Gentler cleaners with natural ingredients work well and it is easier to know what is in them and control what ends up in your body.
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